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Sunday, 12 October 2014

On 11:36 by Vardan Kumar in    No comments
Brain in Super computer
Behind every successful Research,there is a Big IDEA


Well in here the hot idea is to create a working model of
the human brain from neurons(Nerve cells-The 
structural and functional unit) to molecular level – and 
simulate the same on a supercomputer in coming years.

This Research is presented by Henry Markram.

The question is how is it possible?

Many neuro-scientists claimed the research as an impossible one to be experienced in the real world due to complex structure of human brain.
We can imagine the world after the simulation of this fantasy to the real world.
Most of us might have seen X-MEN.Can you relate it with the research?

Well if yes then quite good! Lets elaborate.......Its the machine CEREBRO-The machine which connects user mind with the supercomputer.Whatever the user sees whether a mutant or a human it plots their coordinates.
This the machine cerebro and the research co-relates by the fact that both being possible if we know the working  and structure of human brain.
Human Brain Project
Human Brain Project


The Human Brain Project is a big-scale, European-led scientific synergic project, which aims to collect all the current knowledge about the human brain, frame multi-scale models of the brain that harmonize this insight and use these models to simulate the brain on supercomputers. The resulting "pragmatic brain" offers the anticipation of a radically new and improved perceptive of the human brain, opening the path for better treatments for brain diseases.

The HBP's High-Performance Computing scaffold Subproject, led by Forschungszentrum Jülich, will create and innovate the required  supercomputing and data management framework, comprising both hardware and software. The resulting scaffold will be made available to the HBP and other scientists from all over the world.

This project is committed to mop out all mental disorders and creating a self-aware mock intelligence.
The self-assured scientist(Henry Markram) assert that the only thing limiting scientists from percepting the human brain as a whole—from the atomic level all the way to the enigma of vigilance—is the lack of ambition. If only neuroscience would persue his lead, his Human Brain Project could mirror the functions of all the 86 billion neurons in the human brain and the 100 trillion connections that connect them.After we have a complete plug-and-play brain available,nothing is impossible. 
We could take it apart to mark out the reasons of brain diseases. We could ingrain it to robotics and develop a whole new range of exceptional technologies.We could leash on a pair of incredible virtual reality glasses and feel a brain other than our own.
The roundworm has  302 neurons, and we still can't figure out how this animal works then how come this  is possible says ,says Caltech professor Christof Koch, chief scientific officer at one of neuroscience’s biggest data producers, the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle.But Markram’s abrupt persistence has gained the respect of people like Nobel Prize–winning neuroscientist Torsten Wiesel and Sun Microsystems cofounder Andy Bechtolsheim. He has impressed leading idols in biology, neuroscience, and computing field, who take this consideration that his initiative is an  important one even if they consider some of his invinsible objectives impractical.
Also Markram has gained support on the firmness of his work at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, where he and a troop of 15 postdocs have been taking a first twinge at grasping his insight—mirroring the response of a million-neuron part of the rat neocortex. They have broken into everything from the interpretation of individual rat genes to the reguating principles of the animal’s brain.The troop along with publishing some of that record in peer-reviewed journals also assimilate it into a united model so it can be mirrored on an IBM Blue Gene supercomputer.
The big query is whether these ideas can grow. There’s no surity that Markram will be able to develop the rest of the rat brain, let alone the vastly enriched more complex human brain. And if he can, who knows whether even the most trust worthy model will act like a real brain—that if you create it, it will think. For all his bluster, Markram can’t answer that querty.
 “But the only way you can figure out is by building it, he says, “and just building a brain is an unbeatable biological invention procedure.” This is a big job for just one lab, so Markram visualize an estimated 6,000 researchers around the world to siphon data into his model. His role will be that of seer, the kind of prophet who presents these goals too analytic for most scientists to visage and then backs them up with a master plan that enables the next to impossible appear perfectly achievable. Neuroscientists can put in a whole career on a single cell or molecule. Markram will give them the opportunity and inspiration to group together and approach the big questions.
And now Markram is funding almost as colossal as his ideas. On January 28, 2013, the European Commission—the governing body of the European Union—gave him 1 billion euros ($1.3 billion and Rs.77,319,200,000). For decades, neuroscientists and computer scientists have wrangled whether a computer brain could ever be blessed with the intelligence of a human. It’s not a imaginary debate anymore. Markram is building it. Will he imitate consciousness? The EU has stake $1.3 billion on it.
” Once the agenda for data accumulation are set, Markram believes, experiments can be initiated or automated.
says henry Markram.


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